Projects supported by the Czech Science Foundation
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky GAČR, 107/11/1856 2011-2013 Proposer Jiří Vacík, CSc., ÚJF AV ČR, v.v.i. Title Metal-fullerene nanocomposites and their biological applications. Název Nanokompozity kov-fulleren a jejich biologické aplikace.
The main topic of the grant project is the study of thin films of hybrid composites based on carbon allotropes (especially C60) and transition (and noble) metals, their preparation, modification and characterization, and also the study of their biological properties (i.e., biotolerance, adhesion of bone-type cells, their growth, differentiation, etc.). The purpose is to develop novel hybrid materials with well-defined structures and interesting properties attractive for applications (e.g., for tissue engineering). For fabrication of the composites, suitable deposition techniques will be used; for characterization of the films an arsenal of analytical methods will be at our disposal. The preliminary experiments demonstrated an interesting aspect of the project – the possibility of preparing composite materials with regular structures at a (sub-) micron scale level either created due to spontaneous self-organization (induced by a certain deposition kinetics), or because of coordinated phase separation initiated by thermal annealing or irradiation with energy ion beams. The specific goal of this project is to shed more light on the onset, mechanisms and kinetics of the above-mentioned phenomena.Read more...
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky GA104/09/1269 2009-2012 Proposer Prof. RNDr. Ondrej Gedeon, Ph.D., VŠCHT Co-proposer RNDr. Vratislav Peřina, CSc., UJF AV ČR, v.v.i.
Mgr. Karel Jurek, CSc., FU AV ČR, v.v.i.
Title Changes in structure and properties of silicate glass irradiated with high-energy particles Název Změny ve struktuře a vlastnostech křemičitých skel ozářených vysokoenergetickými částicemi
Silicate glass is one of the most important and widely spread technical materials. It is frequently used in the applications where it is exposed to the particle radiations of different energies. Therefore, it is very important to study the changes in glass caused by the radiation both from technical applications point of view (changes in glass properties) as well as from point of view of glass science (changes in glass structure).The project will perform a systematic investigation of changes in glass structure and properties caused by electrons irradiation in different energy ranges from about 3 keV up to MeV's and by proton irradiation (MeV). The compositional changes and inhomogeneities on the micron scale will be characterized by EPMA. Evolution of structural changes will be studied by XPS, NMR, and Raman spectroscopy. Surface topographies will be characterized by AFM and SEM. Moreover, the molecular dynamics simulations will be used as a theoretical tool for the interpretation of the experimental findings. Chemical durability of glass irradiated with electrons/protons will be established and nanoindentation methods will be used for the characterization of mechanical properties. Expected results may enhance the applicability of glass and improve its limiting properties.Read more...
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky GA106/09/0125 2009-2013 Proposer RNDr. Anna Macková, PhD., UJF AV ČR, v.v.i. Co-proposer Prof. Ing. Václav Švorčík, DrSc., VŠCHT
Doc. Ing. Olga Bláhová, Ph.D., ZCU
Title Preparation and characterization of metal/polymer structures Název Příprava a vlastnosti struktur kov/polymer
The interactions between metals and polymers will be studied using complementary analytical techniques on different metal-polymer and metal-polymer-metal systems. The research is of interest from the fundamental point of view and for broad practical utilization of metal coated polymers in analytical chemistry, electronics, food packaging etc. The specimens will be prepared by sputtering or vacuum deposition of 10-100 nm thick layers of different metals Au, Ag, Pd and Pt on various polymers PET, PMMA, PE and PTFE. The structure characterization will be provided using profilometer, TEM, AAS spectroscopy, RBS, ERD). The electrical resistance and magnetic properties will be measured. Nanointendenter device will be used for the determination of the layers adhesion. The layer morphology will be studied using AFM and SEM. Ion implantation and ion assisted mixing of metal particles and polymer structure will be used for composite preparation. For mobility and diffusion study of metals in polymer substrate RBS, XPS will be used.Read more...
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky GAČR 107/11/0704 2011-2014 Proposer Ing. Martin Petrenec, Ph.D., ÚFM AV ČR, v.v.i. Co-proposer Ing. Přemysl Beran, Ph.D., ÚJF AV ČR, v.v.i. Title Optimization of structure and properties of advanced high-temperature cast materials alloyed with carbon by complex heat treatment Název Optimalizace struktury a vlastnosti moderních vysokoteplotních litých materiálů legovaných uhlíkem pomocí komplexního tepelného zpracování
The aim of the project is development of new advanced cast multiphase gamma based TiAl-8Nb-X alloys alloyed with the graded carbon content (0.2 to 1 at. %), produced so far only by powder metallurgy. Sufficient thermo-mechanical stability of these alloys will be guaranteed by the lamellar structure strengthened by favorable distributed precipitates obtained using an optimized complex heat treatment. The main pertinent applications of the alloys suggested are turbocharger rotor or gas turbine blade in automotive and power industry, respectively, in which a decisive degradation mechanism represents creep-fatigue interaction at higher temperatures. The structure of new-developed cast alloys and its thermo-mechanical stability will be studied both in virgin state after optimized heat treatment and after high temperature creep-fatigue tests. Neutron diffraction (in-situ and post-mortem studies), TEM (transmission electron microscopy) and other modern experimental techniques will be used for the structure analysis and the study of damage mechanisms.Read more...
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky GAČR 107/12/0800 2012-2015 Proposer RNDr. Petr Šittner, CSc., FZÚ AV ČR, v.v.i. Co-proposer prof. RNDr. Jaroslav Pokluda, CSc., Fakulta strojního inženýrství VUT Brno
Ing. Přemysl Beran, Ph.D., ÚJF AV ČR, v.v.i.
Title Fatigue of NiTiX High Temperature Shape Memory Alloy Actuators /FACT/ Název Únava aktuátorů z vysokoteplotních slitin s tvarovou pamětí NiTiX /FACT/
Currently there is renewal of interest in actuation functionality using high temperature shape memory alloys with transformation temperatures above 100°C (HTSMA) driven by strong demand for reliable and powerful actuators to be used in engines and gas turbines, where it is preferable to adopt single piece compact adaptive actuator over more complex multicomponent assemblies. The aim of this project is to clarify the reasons for poor dimensional and functional stability and fatigue failure of NiTiX actuators. The research will be performed by combination earlier developed and used methods (thermomechanical fatigue testing, in-situ X-ray and neutron diraction, TEM and micromechanics modeling) . The research will be coordinated with worldwide academic and industrial partners currently developing HTSMA actuators. Approaches to modify the microstructure of NiTiX alloys so so they act as well performing HTSMA actuators for 100°C-300°C temperature range will be proposed (adjustment of composition, degree of cold work, heat treatment, texture, grain size, precipitation strengthening).Read more...
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky GAČR 204/10/0654 2010-2012 Proposer RNDr. Jan Šaroun, CSc., ÚJF AV ČR, v.v.i. Title Monte Carlo simulations of complex neutron optics systems
The aim of the submitted proposal is to get financial support for development of Monte Carlo methods for simulations of complex neutron optical systems, including their experimental validation and application to the research of dispersive multiple reflections of neutrons in elastically bent crystals. The new methods will be implemened in existing and well established software package RESTRAX, which has been developed at the NPI Řež. The results of experimental research of multiple Bragg reflections supported by Monte Carlo simulations will be employed in the development of high-resolution monochromators and analyzers. The ultimate goal of the proposed research is twofold: (a) Creation of an easy to use, validated and efficient software for modeling and optimization of neutron spectrometers employing advanced neutron optics elements and for data analysis; (b) Development and tests of dispersive multiple reflection monochromators suitable for ultra-high resolution measurements.Read more...
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky GAP108/11/0958 2011-2015 Proposer Doc. Mgr. Jakub Čížek, Ph.D., MFF UK Co-proposer RNDr. Vladimír Havránek, CSc., UJF AV ČR, v.v.i.
Ing. Ján Lančok, Ph.D., FU AV ČR, v.v.i.
Title Investigation of point defects in ZnO and their interaction with hydrogen and nitrogen Název Výzkum bodových defektů v ZnO a studium jejich interakce s vodíkem a dusíkem
Complex investigations of point defects in ZnO are proposed in the present project. Positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) including also variable energy PAS using slow positron beam will be used as a principal technique for defect studies. State-of-art ab-initio theoretical calculations will be employed for interpretation of PAS data. Defects in ZnO single crystals will be compared with those in epitaxial and nanocrystalline ZnO thin films. Defects studies will be combined with electrical (temperature-dependent Hall effect, deep level transient spectroscopy) and optical (photoluminescence, optical transmission) measurements in order to find a link between predominant defect configurations and specific electrical and optical properties of ZnO samples. Moreover, in the present project we intend to investigate interaction of hydrogen and nitrogen with point defects in ZnO and influence hydrogen and nitrogen on electrical and optical properties. A new UHV chamber for on-line sputtering of ZnO films will be constructed and connected to slow positron beam. This novel setup enables to perform variable energy PAS investigations of thin ZnO films in-situ during film deposition. It gives us an exclusive possibility to investigate formation of defects and incorporation of impurities into ZnO lattice during film growth.Read more...
Provider Grantová agentura České republiky P108/12/G108 2012- 2018 Proposer Prof. Ing. Václav Švorčík, DrSc., VŠCHT Co-proposer Ing. Alexander Kromka, Ph.D., FU AV ČR, v.v.i.
MUDr. Lucie Bačáková, CSc., FGU AV ČR, v.v.i.
Mgr. Jiří Vacík, CSc., UJF AV ČR, v.v.i.
Title Preparation, modification and characterization of materials by radiation. Název Příprava, modifikace a charakterizace materiálů zářením
This project, aiming at preparation of novel micro- and nano-structured materials and systems, their modification by radiation and other techniques, their characterization by full arsenal of diagnostic methods available at participant laboratories, and the study of their chemical, physico-chemical and bio-properties, is inherently multidisciplinary and its goals cannot be achieved under standard research financing. Cooperation of 4 participants will lead to strong synergetic effect on common research. Attention will be paid to systems with potential application in medicine, tissue engineering, microelectronics, optoelectronics and sensor construction and further to processes of diffusion, aggregation, self-organization, material degradation by irradiation, interaction of cells with new materials and effects of radiation on biological objects (e.g. living cells). Nuclear analytical techniques will be used in material and biomedical and environmental research. The project will involve master and PhD students, who will asquire partical experience in multidisciplinary research.Read more...